The Basics To Have A Responsive Web Design
There are a number of screens in which the website can be accessed and a simple solution to the challenge of effectively loading a website on any screen is by having a RWD or Responsive Web Design. Responsive websites can automatically adjust to configuration where it’s opened be it on tablet, desktop or mobile screen.
RWD on the other hand is actually deeper and is involving more applications of some principles and these are listed in the next lines.
Fluid Grid – this is quite important because this is providing flexible structure to your page by utilizing relative units similar to percentages based dimensions instead of pixels. Websites have been defined in terms of pixels because they are traditionally browsed on desktops but, with the onset of tablets and smart phones, websites can now be accessed and viewed on multiple platforms.
A site appears in big format on screens of a desktop computer whereas the size shrinks when we view it on a smart phone. Because of this, it is recommended to build a responsive website on basis of a grid system.
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As a matter of fact, fluid grid naturally flows within the dimension of which screen the content is displayed without adjustments for other screen sizes. And under this, the maximum size of the layout for design is specified while the grid is divided into columns. Once done, elements are then allotted in proportional height and width on basis of percentage rather than pixel based dimension. This is what allowing the website to adapt easily to the screen where it is viewed.
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Fluid Images – the images must also be able to adjust itself within the specification of fluid grid. This can be done by adding single line of CSS code. This will notify the browser that the images can be as big as the value specified and can’t be stretched. The image must accordingly shrink itself in case that the parent content in which the image is nested is smaller than a pixel value.
Breakpoints – this actually allows the content’s layout to change at predefined points. In general, it is recommended to add breakpoints at stage where sentence breaks. The major breakpoints should be chosen wisely when the layout is changing significantly.
Desktop or Mobile First – in this approach, it involves designing a site for smart phone first and taking it to tablets and desktops. But mobile devices carry more applications and features similar to touch screen, GPS and the likes when compared to desktops. Believe it or not, even in the designing part, it has to be done with great care.